Yangtze River Delta region to create a cross-domain low-carbon development sample
Under the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, green low-carbon, energy saving and consumption reduction have become the focus of attention from all sides of the society. Recently, many local governments, including those in Shanghai, Hainan and Jilin, have released their implementation plans, opinions and plans for carbon peaking. Among them, many said to build near-zero carbon emissions park pilot.
Recently, located at the junction of Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, the Yangtze River Delta Ecological and green Integrated Development Demonstration Zone has released the implementation plan of the Yangtze River Delta Ecological and Green Integrated Development Demonstration Zone's carbon Peak and carbon neutrality work and the Special Plan of near zero Carbon in the water town living Room. Demonstration area, head of the commission, the relevant points out, demonstration area of carbon reaches the peak carbon neutral work is to carry out the integration of Yangtze river delta important gripper of the national strategic development, relevant solutions to explore a body together to carry out the target of peak carbon provide copy experience, which can be promoted for the implementation of cross-domain coordinated development and the target of "double carbon" to provide strong support.
Coordinate economic development and carbon emission control
Efforts will be made to create a sample of low-carbon development in the Yangtze River Delta
According to the introduction, the main goal of carbon peak in the demonstration area is to coordinate economic development and carbon emission control, maintain sustained economic growth, accelerate the construction of a government-led, market-driven, industry co-governance, the participation of the whole people in an integrated collaborative carbon reduction pattern, and actively promote the "dual control" of energy consumption to the total and intensity of carbon emissions "dual control".
Specifically, by 2025, on the basis of completing the target issued by the superior respectively, the energy intensity of the demonstration area will be reduced by about 15% and the carbon emission intensity will be reduced by more than 20% compared with 2020. By 2030, China will take the lead in achieving peak quality and steady decline in quality, laying a solid foundation for achieving carbon neutrality.
In this regard, the demonstration area will adhere to five principles: first, work together to promote green and low-carbon development. We will adhere to the guidance of green and low-carbon transformation, make coordinated progress in key areas such as energy conservation and carbon reduction, building green transportation networks, enhancing carbon sink capacity, green and low-carbon access, and carbon emission reduction accounting, and improve the level of green and low-carbon development in the demonstration areas as a whole. Second, we will promote the system and strengthen the integration of policies and technologies. Highlight the systematic integration of regional carbon reduction policies in demonstration areas, strengthen the demonstration application of new methods and technologies, promote breakthroughs in green and low-carbon technology research and development, and effectively lead and support the realization of the carbon peak target. Third, increase and save simultaneously to achieve a steady, orderly and safe peak. Based on the energy and resource endowment of the demonstration area, we will steadily and orderly reduce the stock, gradually control the increment, promote the smooth transition of green and low-carbon transformation, and ensure that it reaches the peak in a steady, orderly and safe way. Fourth, demonstration and leading, highlighting the characteristics of regional benchmark model. We will pool the advantageous resources of the Yangtze River Delta region, focus on centralized guidance and classified demonstration, create a number of green and low-carbon demonstration areas, parks, communities and projects, and accelerate the demonstration and leading effect. Fifth, the industry should jointly govern and pool the synergy of green and low-carbon transformation. We should adhere to the principle of government leadership and market dominance, explore innovative, scientific and reasonable market-oriented and diversified green and low-carbon co-development systems, and promote the joint contribution of the whole people to a low-carbon society.
Centralized guidance and classified demonstration of two-way power
Water town living room near zero carbon plan accelerated
According to the statistics of relevant institutions, all kinds of industrial parks contribute more than 30% to the economy. At the same time, because industrial energy consumption accounts for more than 60% of the total national energy consumption, carbon emissions from industrial parks can reach about 31% of the total national emissions. Under the vision of carbon neutrality in the new era, more attention will be paid to the ecological and carbon neutral characteristics of industrial park construction.
Water town living room near zero carbon special planning is an important part of the demonstration area related work. Yangtze river delta integration committee of ecological demonstration area rules built wen-min Yang, a deputy minister of introduction, related planning aimed at the green, low carbon ideas and technology into the region of the sitting room planning, construction and operation process, to promote industry, energy, transportation, construction, consumption, ecological areas such as nearly zero carbon technologies integrated application of the product, vigorously explore reduce sources, sinks, alternative near zero carbon path, To build a leading carbon peak carbon neutral leading zone and model room in the region, the country and even the world. By 2025, green and low-carbon nodal blocks and functional projects of water town living rooms will be basically completed simultaneously with the main projects, and carbon emission intensity will be significantly reduced. By 2030, carbon emissions will reach zero growth, ecological carbon sinks will increase significantly, water villages will basically have zero-carbon demonstration areas, and carbon-neutral pilot demonstration technologies will take the lead in widespread application.
In addition to the centralized guidance of the water town living room, in actual operation, the demonstration area also promotes the classification demonstration of different areas. Such as in the region of the sitting room around the origin (square hall water courtyard, shark tank engines, kechuang garden, exhibition village garden), and actively promote green low carbon first try of advanced technology, vigorously promote application of distributed photovoltaic (pv) and ground (water) source heat pump, hydrogen power, biomass energy, nearly zero carbon building and other technical facilities, with the origin and the surrounding synchronization key projects design, construction and operation. The construction of the "Three Parks" (polders, molar-base fishponds, and waterside wetlands in Jiangnan) focuses on near-zero-carbon buildings, low-carbon circular agriculture, demonstration and application of ecological carbon sequestration technologies, and integrated protection and restoration of water, forest, land, lake, grass and moisture. Efforts are made to increase moisture and green growth, continuously improve species abundance and carbon sequestration capacity, and provide a good ecological experience.
At the same time, accelerate the research and the ancient town, qingpu kanazawa, smart blue bay (wujiang Fen lake), number of hui cloud lane (jiashan DaShun) function area construction and development of three industry will be "three areas" depth of building energy conservation, renewable energy utilization, comprehensive energy solutions, green transportation, green finance, big data can assign and depth fusion, such as economy, formats, pattern innovation.
Policy empowerment and technology support both measures
Increase the uniformity of standards
It is worth mentioning that at present, there are different quantitative standards for carbon data collection, carbon reduction path selection, effect assessment and trading. How to better balance regional and industrial economic development in the process of transformation has become a key issue.
Guo Ru, associate professor of the School of Environmental Science and Engineering of Tongji University, introduced that the Yangtze River Delta integrated demonstration area water village living room as an example, which involves Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces and one city, but so far, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Zhejiang have their own carbon emissions accounting standards, and part of the caliber is not completely unified. That means there's still a lot of ground work to be done.
To this end, Tongji University took the lead in a number of disciplines, with teachers and professional backbone from nearly 12 colleges participating in this work, including environment, urban planning, architecture, civil engineering, transportation, agriculture, etc. In addition, the working group also joined forces with enterprises such as Three Gorges, China Energy Conservation, and Baoye Group.
At the same time, the relevant institutions have increased the combination of policy empowerment and technical support.
At present, the demonstration area is actively exploring the implementation of carbon emission reduction support and subsidy policies that are coordinated in different fields, stages and regions. For example, the special financial funds of the pilot start area of the demonstration area will be used to give a certain amount of support to the photovoltaic projects implemented in the pilot start area of the demonstration area and included in the national annual scale plan; At the same time, combined with the actual situation of the demonstration area, on the one hand, it will strengthen the introduction and pilot application of advanced low-carbon, zero-carbon and negative carbon technologies, and on the other hand, it will promote the construction of an integrated digital governance platform and a green and low-carbon industrial ecosystem. For example, pilot and demonstration projects will be carried out in areas such as renewable energy development and green transportation. We will promote joint construction of universal carbon benefit rules, mutual recognition of standards, information sharing, and mutual recognition of projects. We will gradually expand the scope of carbon benefit areas on a case-by-case basis, and establish incentive mechanisms for universal carbon benefit in demonstration areas.